Important points There are several important take home messages here. So it is very common for scientists to design their statistical analysis, then run it by an actual statistician just to make sure that there is nothing that they missed.
Oseltamivir and risk of lower respiratory tract complications in patients with flu symptoms: You make some observation about the universe around you, then you try to understand that observation, usually by making a testable hypothesis.
Once an article has been submitted for publication, it is reviewed by other independent, academic experts at least two in the same field as the authors.
When was the information published or posted. In spite of the inevitable limitations, the authors of this study have made every reasonable attempt to factor in the confounders to produce a robust and conclusive analysis, demonstrating a statistically significant correlation between the supply of NAIs and decreased mortality due to influenza A H1N1 pdm09 during the pandemic.
Assuming that your friend did not find a critical error, then once you have made the suggested revisions and you and your coauthors are content, you can finally submit it to a journal for formal peer-review. Because you all worked on the project, you are all biased to think that the study is good no matter how hard you try to avoid those biases.
Further, if you get a biased editor who rejects your paper for absurd reasons, you can appeal to the editor and try to reason with them, or you can just submit to another journal. Who is the intended audience.
Similarly, if the study involves a complex method that none of the authors have used before, it is a good idea to talk to someone who has used that method and make sure that you fully understand its intricacies.
Does the information seem to be free of bias and emotion. This may take a variety of forms, including closely mimicking the scholarly peer review processes used in science and medicine. Publishing is hard, and no matter what your topic is, you are going to have to pass a careful review by objective scientists before you get published.
Regionally, the Americas and the Eastern Mediterranean countries were found to have the lowest supply of NAIs, while Europe and the Western Pacific region had the highest.
Examining the publication to see if it is peer-reviewed. Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases. Does the journal say that it is peer-reviewed.
Evidence that opposes the mainstream view can be published if you have good data. So, you and your coauthors make the revisions, then send it back to them. You should be able to trust the scholarship of the research.
In other words, your friend in the lab next to you cannot review your paper. Peer review is generally considered necessary to academic quality and is used in most major scholarly journals, but it by no means prevents publication of invalid research. So, you and your coauthors get to make major changes to the paper and analyses.
Mar 15, This can be very helpful, but beware: So, it is often a good idea to have a friend who works in a related field read the paper and give you some feedback. Inthe California Governor signed into law Senate Bill SherChapterstatutes ofwhich mandates that, before any CalEPA Board, Department, or Office adopts a final version of a rule-making, the scientific findings, conclusions, and assumptions on which the proposed rule are based must be submitted for independent external scientific peer review.
Is the journal in which you found the article published or sponsored by a professional scholarly society, professional association, or university academic department? Does it describe itself as a peer-reviewed publication?
(To know that, check the journal's website). Scientific literature comprises scholarly publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within an academic field, often abbreviated as the literature.
Academic publishing is the process of contributing the results of one's research into the literature, which often requires a peer-review process. The terms scholarly, academic, peer-reviewed and refereed are sometimes used interchangeably, although there are slight differences.
Scholarly and academic may refer to peer-reviewed articles, but not all scholarly and academic journals are peer-reviewed (although most are.) For example, the Harvard Business Review is an academic journal but it is editorially reviewed, not peer-reviewed.
Review articles are based on analysis of the published 'literature' (books, articles and dissertations about the topic).
Secondary sources can include books, book chapters, articles, especially literature reviews, and some book reviews.
A tertiary source is commonly a resource or tool that helps people find primary or secondary sources.
Tertiary sources include most bibliographies, databases and indexes, and. A journal can be refereed/peer-reviewed and still have non-peer reviewed articles in it. Generally if the article is an editorial, brief news item or short communication, it's. To describe and discuss the process used to write a narrative review of the literature for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.
Publication of narrative overviews of the literature should be standardized to increase their objectivity. In the past decade numerous changes in research methodology.Peer reviewed literature